Monday, February 20, 2017

B. F. Skinner made scientific discoveries, but Sigmund Freud did not, according to Karl Popper, philosopher of science.

This picture shows a modern version of B.F. Skinner's experimental chamber, or "Skinner box." Skinner (1953, Ch. 12) opposed punitive techniques, for the most part, but oddly, in Deitz (1985) he praised Dr. Matthew Israel's "courage." This was Skinner's Harvard PhD, while Israel was forcing his victims to sniff ammonia. Soon after Skinner praised Israel, Israel bought his first skin shock device from Applied Behavior Analysis' (ABA's) allegedly "most prolific author," Brian Iwata and company. In his 1938 book Skinner only struck the paws of his rats to punish them. ABA likes to say that old ABA was bad, but new ABA is good. Here we see quite the opposite. Old ABA, when Skinner discovered what came to be called ABA, used a mild aversive stimulus, the paw slap. But see how today, they will thoroughly analyze extremely painful electric skin shock on rats, in order to learn how to do what ABA calls "effectively" and painfully shock autistic children and adults.
[Edit note to the CounterControllers. It's worth the effort to study this. Let me know if it's not clear or if you have questions or need me to elaborate. This is how I completely annihilate Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) in ethics debate. I speak their language fluently and then I say, "Do it to yourself." They never do. The ethics part is simple, in this respect, though there are many other ways to bury them for their flimsy use of ethical methods and aims. That's why they won't talk to me any more, as they have banned me from their big groups without any specific explanation of what had been my big mortal sin that offended them so much and then they pretend to ignore me as I see them reading my blog in droves when I post to their other minor groups, for example, though Google Stats does not say exactly who does the reading.]

Popper (1935) maintained an impeccable argument in the first few chapters I read in his "Logic of Scientific Discovery." Then Popper (1962) used his 1938 argument, that what marks science off from non-science is his notion of "falsifiability," to claim that Freudian psychoanalysis was non-scientific.

God might be real, but we can never falsify any argument that says S/He is real. There's no way to disprove it. According to Popper, and others have challenged this part of Popper well, we can never prove a scientific theory. We can only corroborate hypotheses as very well supported through a long history of affirmative results. But if it is possible to falsify a hypothesis, even though the falsification may never occur through repeated tests, then we have science, since here we have falsifiability.

Skinner (1938) showed, by inventing sound-proof operant chambers (which came to be called the Skinner Boxes) where he said he kept constant all potential confounding variables, external noise, for example, that under-weight (hungry) rats will press a lever more often while presses produced food than how often the rats had previously pressed the levers during non-reinforcement baseline conditions. Rate of behavior is the effect, the dependent variable, which was his favorite way to signal behavior strength, or the probability of future responses, or the propensity to behave under similar conditions in the future.

This was falsifiable because if lever press rate did not increase while his device delivered food for lever presses, then this would have falsified or disproven his discovery. But it didn't. He kept on corroborating his thesis with more positive findings the null did not appear.

In human terms, we drive to our favorite Italian restaurant more often (the effect), Italian, for example, more often, because the food we ate there (the cause) satiated our hunger and because we choose this Italian over others, a less favored Chinese restaurant, for one, let's say, when we have such options.

So Skinner discovered what he called the operant conditioning of human and non-human "organisms" as we act to operate upon the environment, and then the environment reacts to the organisms' operations and delivers consequences, presentation and removal of food-type reinforcements in Skinner (1938), and also his punishers added and subtracted, slaps on the paw in this book. The more immediate the consequence, the greater the behavioural modification.

Had Skinner's underfed rats pushed a lever while exploring the chamber during the food delivery condition, then if the lever push tripped the chamber's food delivery mechanism, had the rat eaten the pellet, and then if in this hypothetical scenario the rat did not learn, or it did not show a lever press rate increase, as seen if the rate of lever presses had not increased, well then this would have falsified his operant method. Skinner electro-mechanically drew the "cumulative record" line of the behavior curve with an attached a pen stylus that moved up a pip on the paper with each lever push. The pen marked a behavior rate curve over time on a big sheet of paper he mounted on a slowly revolving drum. So Skinner was confident that his rats activity did not falsify his findings and he tested out his equipment to see what would happen. Skinner was then science, falsifiable, under Popper, philosopher of science. He had said he didn't need a theory to prove or disprove. He just rigged up his tinker toys and saw what the rats did, much to his surprise, no doubt.

On the other hand, psychoanalysis by way of Sigmund Freud claimed to know there were invisible unconscious parts of the psyche, never directly observable, the Id, the primal instincts to go get sex, the Superego, the part of us that gives us guilt and tells us, "You better not do anything naughty," and the Ego, which I suppose is the place where we work out the conflict between Id and Superego. Since we can never directly observe these parts of the unconscious mind, however, though they might be real, as God might be real, we can never disprove or falsify Freud's internal structures, and neither can we falsify the existence of a God who may or may not exist.

So Freud is not science, but Skinner is, according to deduction, rather than induction, the usual way scientists present their systems (more on this later).

*****

Ethically, conditioning is like a gun. Just because we know how to do it, that does not mean we should. ABA uses this knowledge in a by-any-means-necessary highly-unethical manner to reach what it calls its "effective results," which we know is the forced submission of autistics to pass as non-autistic, just as gays can pass as non-gay and conceal their identities, pretending to be non-gay and suffering trauma for it. Behavior control is a way of life for them. An actually autistic special education teacher this month has confirmed what I've suspected for a long time, namely high rates of divorce among the ABA crews she knows throughout North Jersey where she works. It should be obvious that those who live a lifestyle of behavioral control and manipulation unquestioned in its ethical flaws, because the cult silences dissent from within and refuses to hear its actually autistic survivor criticisms, are going to try to modify their husbands behaviors and not let on how intensely she can do it until after she owns her big rock attached to her mid fingers. The poor guys. Hey dudes. If you're reading this and your pal is dating a student of ABA, do him a big favor. Jeez. Show him this post before she lures him in with phony charms and all kinds of desirous reinforcers that you heteros can figure out what kinds of alluring pleasures she give him before the marriage, only to withhold them to make him obey her commands, after the honeymoon is all spent dry and the roses have wilted not so fresh as a daisy any more.

J. Edgar Hoover, our Dad, and I are the worst of the rotten apples.



From The Guardian

From Getty Images

First FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover (left) consulted President "Tricky Dick" Nixon (right).

From Avast

People criticize lawyers unfairly. They're not a bunch of liars, despite the fact that liar and lawyer are alliterative.

Our Dad, Joseph P. Altier(i), sued the pants off the railroads and busted up a counterfeit money ring as an Assistant U.S. Attorney in the Southern District of New York, USA Justice Department. He told the New York Times that his firm, Altier and Vogt, 450 7th Ave., 25th Floor, NY, NY, which it came to be called, previously Bromsen, Gammerman, Altier, and Wayne when he began with them, now closed, had made the railroads safer for everyone, not just for the protection of the United Transportation Union (UTU) guys and gals who got hurt in the railroad yards, whom he represented as a Designated Attorney for the UTU. What a great political stunt was that one he told the reporter, but he meant it and it was true.

It's 50/50. In my loudmouth opinion, each creep has a kind, decent opponent, so it's not as grim as critics color them, but ask a good attorney to get a better picture of what it's like from their perspective.

In his office he kept an autographed picture written out to him of guess who? J. Edgar Hoover, spy-in-chief of the FBI for decades. Dad said I may not have that picture should I survive him. He said, "No. You'll make fun of both of us together." Well, yes. I would. It's too bad, however. Hoover's mugshot would have been my favorite gag.

Joe has a bigger coconut to crack open than I do. He didn't need a good argument to win a case. No. No. No. He's a better actor than debater by a landslide, let me tell you. He couldn't wrap his mind around Skinnerian determinism if his life was contingent upon it.

"Ladies and gentlemen of the jury," he would say, "such a horrible injury this poor soul has suffered. How can anybody put a price on a severed thumb? You could never again mow your own grass on a warm sultry day and lounge about a properly hedged lawn with your Martinis Extra Dry. You would have to hire a Mexican. What a tragedy!"

It was Dad who taught me how to be crazy. Who else? Why, I learned from the worst of the rotten apples: Joey, whose second wife tells him to get off the stage when he introduces the entire dinner party to the waitress, one at a time, and then invites the chef to move in with him as poor Mary ribs him with her elbow.

"Honest lawyer one flight up," said the sign he always hung downstairs at home sweet home wherever he sank his butt over the decades.

Friday, February 17, 2017

News from 2016 to 2017 shows precisely how violent a place is Canton, Massachusetts' Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) Judge Rotenberg Center (JRC) of extremely painful electric ABA skin shock.

Norfolk County District Attorney Morrissey (2016) Press Release: Two plead not guilty to beating disabled man in their care (one with a belt).

Cotter (2106): State investigating abuse claims against Judge Rotenberg employees.

*****

[Note to the next two articles: It’s well known in the community of academics that aggression provokes counter-aggression. The Judge Rotenberg Center of extremely painful Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) skin shock is extremely and harshly aggressive. These victims have no good way to defend themselves, no doubt. They fight, but JRC convinces prosecutors to go after ABA's JRC victims who also become aggressive. Whose aggression is worse? Those who are angry or those who attack the anger they provoke?] See here:

Shepard (2016): Judge Rotenberg Center resident charged with assault in Stoughton.

Shepard (2017): Two Rotenberg Center students charged with assaulting Stoughton staff.

*****

JRC is an ABA institution. This is what ABA calls "effective treatment." See http://www.effectivetreatment.org as ABA calls skin shock "effective." 

At its annual conventions for at least the past four years, the Association of Behavioral Analysis International (ABAI), Maria Malott CEO, continuously and officially has been approving JRC as being "aligned" with ABAI's "mission," even though the Autistic Self-Advocacy Network condemned ABAI for their all out support of skin shock there.

This is ABA's chief international skin shock "torture" supporter Maria Malott's picture:

Maria Malott, CEO of the Ass. for Behavioural Analysis International, refuses stop her unconscionable, outright approval of skin shock "torture." She says it's "aligned" with her Ass.'s "mission." She's responsible, because as President Truman said: The buck stops with the executive in charge.

All ABA so-called "professionals," as long as they are not doing non-aversive Positive Behavioral Support, which is not ABA, which is different from ABA in many ways, all these pseudo-professionals who claim they help people but don't outright support or else are silently complicit to this "torture."

The United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Méndez (2013, p. 85) called ABA's Rotenberg Center a place of "torture."

JRC Director Crookes (2012, p. 2, par. 3) admitted her people put her skin shock electrodes on her victims' buttocks. The buck stops with the executive in charge as President Harry S. Truman said that the buck stops with the executive in charge.  Her name is Glenda Crookes. She is responsible. This is her picture. You can supposedly write to her at her Linked In profile if you join the service. Please give her a piece of your mind, but don't harass her and don't threaten her with anything that's illegal or unethical.

Glenda Crookes, second and current director of Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) extremely painful electric skin shock "torture" at the Rotenberg Center in Canton, Massachusetts


This is what Malott and Crookes call "the right to effective behavioural treatment." Watch:



*****

Related posts: 

 

Kosovskaya and Altier(i) (June 11, 2015): Here's anecdotal evidence of ABA-induced trauma: Heroic Anna Kosovskaya escapes the Judge Rotenberg Center (JRC) of Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) electroshock "treatment/torture,"Anna's self-reported adventures with interviewer analysis.

Altier(i) (March 31, 2016): Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) is abuse. Reward and Consent's (R+C's) Cognitive-Behavioral Teaching (CBT) method is a viable alternative. It uses dual parent AND child consent.

Altier(i) (November 24, 2016): An actually autistic man defines and explains Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA).

Altier(i) (January 24, 2017): Here's some great happy news from Germany. A generous lottery group, Aktion Mensch, defunds Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) programs.

Altier(i) (February 16, 2017): ABA Leaks uncovers Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) Judge Rotenberg Center (JRC) skin shockers alleged death number seven: An unborn baby.

Thursday, February 16, 2017

The seventh death with Canton, Massachusetts' Judge Rotenberg Center (JRC) of extremely painful Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) electric skin shock "torture" was an unborn baby, allegedly.

Mrs. Glenda P. Crookes, Executive Director of the Judge Rotenberg Center (JRC) of extremely painful Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) electric skin shock "torture."

February 7, 2005. Alleged death number seven with the Judge Rotenberg Center (JRC) of extremely painful Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) skin shock "torture," centered in Canton, Massachusetts, was an unborn baby, according to a file that the Executive Branch of the state of Massachusetts sent to ABA Leaks, a network of journalists, investigators, and researchers with autism, epilepsy, and other disabilities that David Altieri, this Reward and Consent blogger, founded in 2015.

In 2015 the Massachusetts Disabled Persons Protection Commission (DPPC) sent ABA Leaks a spreadsheet of 410 serious abuse allegations taking place inside the JRC in a recent ten year history, averaging one charge every ten days, including sexual abuse and burns from their ABA skin shock devices. The information on line 6 of the spreadsheet most likely comes from one of the Commission's intake forms dated February 7, 2005. The end of the line says, "Alv was 7 months pregnant. Alv was assaulted by an aggressive client and fell. Alv was brought to a hospital by ambulance after hemorrhaging all over the floor. It appears that alv lost the baby." Column D identifies the "program city" as Canton, Massachusetts. Column L and M say the case was referred to the Norfolk County District Attorney in Massachusetts.

A DPPC attorney told Altieri on the telephone that the mother was seventeen years old. He could not verify for certain whether or not she lost the baby. The Norfolk County District Attorney's office could not confirm it on the telephone either. The person there told Altieri that ABA Leaks needs to send a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to the office. ABA Leaks is looking for another FOIA request volunteer to take this next step to find out if the girl did, in fact, lose her baby.

So why, then, does it seems like a pregnant teenager was allowed to live in that place of ABA "abuse and torture"? Aggression is widely known to cause counter-aggression. JRC aggressively uses extremely painful electric skin shock. It is an ABA institution.

Have there been other unreported ABA/JRC deaths? How many? Quentin Davies (2014) cited all six known ABA/JRC deaths to date in his article "Prisoners of the apparatus."

*****

The United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Juan E. Méndez (2013, p. 85) said,
Therefore and in the absence of evidence to the contrary, the Special Rapporteur determines that the rights of the students of the JRC (Judge Rotenberg Center) subjected to Level III Aversive Interventions by means of electric shock and physical means of restraints have been violated under the UN Convention against Torture and other international standards.
*****

This is what ABA/JRC has done:


Related links

Please "like" our ABA Leaks Facebook page.

Altier(i) (April 13, 2016): Here's evidence straight from the horse's mouth of ABA-induced trauma: The Ass. for Behavioural Analysis International (ABAI) officially "approved" extremely painful Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) electric skin shock "torture" once again, after autistic advocates demanded they stop it. https://rewardandconsent.blogspot.com/2016/04/action-alert-advocates-against-judge.html

Altier(i) (March 31, 2016): Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) is abuse. Reward and Consent's (R+C's) Cognitive-Behavioral Teaching (CBT) method is a viable alternative. It uses dual parent AND child consent.

Altier(i) (May 4, 2016): Here's evidence from Massachusetts Disabled Persons Protection Commission of ABA-induced trauma: Canton, Massachusetts Judge Rotenberg Center (JRC) Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) skin-shockers sound much worse than feared. Journalist Evan Anderson collaborates with ABA Leaks on a report about severe abuse allegations at Rotenberg.

Altier(i) (June 28, 2016): Here's evidence from ABA's own authors of ABA-induced trauma: The "data" is in. Each and every Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) pseudo-professional completely supports or is complicit to ABA's extremely painful electric skin shock "torture."

Altier(i) (November 24, 2016): An actually autistic man defines and explains Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA).

Altier(i) (March 18, 2017): They did it to gays. They still do it to autistics. We call it false behavioural conversion therapy.

Tuesday, February 7, 2017

Who runs Disability Scoop? Why do they support the skin shock "torturers," the pseudoscience cult known as Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA)?

[February 9, 2017. Editorial note. Alan Michelson, an actually autistic researcher who volunteers with ABA Leaks, has sent this Reward and Consent blogger an answer to the questions: "Who runs Disability Scoop (DS)?  Whom do the represent?"

[Autistic siblings and parents DO NOT know autism, unless, of course, they are also autistic. They must listen to us if they want to learn how to support us. Epistemology (philosophy of knowing) shows that only autistics truly know autism. Family members have their own agendas about autism and they often, if not usually, conflict with ours. This is Founder Diament. The other DS founder Heasley, according to them, is probably not disabled, autistic, nor does he have any family ties with any disability, or else they probably would have mentioned it.

[The Disability Scoop Founders:

["Michelle Diament is a seasoned journalist whose work has appeared in People, AARP, The Washington Post Magazine, The Chronicle of Higher Education and Gannett News Service. As the sibling of an adult with autism, Diament (italics added) is no stranger to the world of disability issues. She holds a degree in journalism and political science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

["Shaun Heasley is a creative problem solver and the idea man behind Disability Scoop. Prior to venturing into the world of new media and online publishing, Heasley worked as an editorial and commercial photographer documenting the inner-workings of the White House in addition to portraits of business leaders and celebrity personalities. His pictures have been published worldwide by Reuters, Forbes, Newsweek, People and Time and in advertising campaigns for major Fortune 500 companies. Heasley holds a degree in visual communication from Ohio University."]


*****

February 7, 2017. Disability Scoop claims it is "The Premiere Source for Developmental Disability News." However, it did not cover the new, critical defunding of Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) victory that actually autistic people recently won in January, 2017 in Germany. The Scoop's Stateline journalist Fifield (2016), however, had said, without giving it a second thought, that ABA "has been proven to help children with autism learn new skills, develop good behaviours, and stop bad ones. It is the method known to work best for treating autism, but health insurance doesn’t always cover it."

Who runs Disability Scoop and whom do they represent? Not autistic people. That's for sure. The actually autistic community vehemently opposes ABA for many of the following reasons.

*****
It's indisputably factual that each and every punishment-technology addicted ABA pseudo-professional completely supports or is complicit to ABA's extremely painful electric skin shock "torture."

What is ABA? ABA is not much more than a profiteering pseudoscience cult that uses a coercive set of behavioural demand and control models to do Autism Conversion Therapy (ACT), its version of its own Gay Conversion Therapy (GCT). Both ACT and GCT are completely ineffective. They try to make people pass as non-gay and as non-autistic, an impossible task. They shame them into believing their good for nothing, with senseless demand to stop what ABA calls "stereotypical behaviors," what we call soothing self-stimulation which we find necessary to do during ABA's misjudgemental provocations. They get society to buy into this shaming and waste tax payer dollars on ABA insurance coverage. ABA uses ABA on parents and politicians with its dissemination or rather its propaganda Special Interest Groups in order to get itself paid. ABA used calls gays "deviants" and try to control them with skin shock pain. It never stopped calling autistics deviants and skin shocking them. ABA is not much more than submission training, controlling for obedience to unbending authoritarian demands, all in the name of solving "problems of social importance," usually according to its unintelligent, ineffectual, and highly-unethical popular-norm-of-the-day standard.

ABA misrepresents itself to society as a positive program. The community of actually autistic survivors of ABA agree in consensus. ABA coercion causes Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Actually autistic advocates are happy to tell parents what real non-ABA support systems will actually help their autistic children. The Neurodiversity Community thrives online in its social media peer support network. It aims to stop ABA dead in its track in order to promote the truly ethical and effective alternatives. Unsuspecting parents become surprised when they learn that their children have resented them for hiring behavior analysts. They want to know, "Would you let someone make you go hungry in order to manipulate how you behave with doggie treats as a reward and with forced ammonia sniffs as a punishment, Mom and Dad?"

*****

This first image below is one of the threatening memes a much trafficked ABA page promotes in Facebook. The rest are also all ABA pictures.

A threatening ABA meme

This is an ABA meme. It is not funny. Look at this Google Scholar search that covers precisely how ABA has prepared to manipulate Congress men and women. They do ABA on them, on insurance companies, and on parents in order to get themselves paid.



Extreme ABA skin shock advocates Dick and Maria Malott, said to be divorced from each other now.




"Observations in our laboratory over the past year or more have revealed the development of extensive gastrointestinal lesions in a series of some 15 monkeys restrained in chairs and subjected to a variety of prolonged behavioral conditioning and/or intracerebral self-stimulation experiments. The behavioral studies focused upon emotional conditioning procedures of the 'fear' or 'anxiety' type, and upon avoidance of noxious electric shocks to the feet. Intracerebral self-stimulation through chronically implanted electrodes involved various limbic system structures. While the program for each animal in this initial series varied considerably, all were subjected to intensive experimental study for at least 2 to 8 weeks. Five control monkeys, subjected only to restraint in the chair for similar periods, however, showed no gastrointestinal complications." (Brady et al., 1958)

The following pictures all come from the Judge Rotenberg Center of ABA's extremely painful electric skin shock, staff and victims included:





















JRC Director Glenda "the witch" Crookes
Last but not least, is ABA's "most prolific" author, Brian Iwata, who sat as a non-voting member on the Neurological Devices Panel and told the FDA not to ban ABA skin shock devices which the FDA regulates as Neurological Medical Devices. Obama's FDA proposed a ban on these devices, but Obama let it sit and did nothing to finish the ban. Judas Barack Iscariot! Decades ago, Iwata hatched a plot to get ABA behavior controllers to get parents rather than his peers to lobby for skin shock devices, namely, then his group's invention, the SIBIS, the first skin shock device that Dr. Israel of the Rotenberg Center bought. Why didn't Iwata recuse himself from that panel? Iwata ren a test and claimed his electro-mechanical head blow detecting skin shock delivering device was better than a hockey helmet. He sold the SIBIS, apparently, with the company his team worked with. Why couldn't he make a better helmet? Not enough money in it? See here and here.
ABA does not do the ECT brain shock of Psychiatry. That's not supposed to hurt. ABA intends its shock device to hurt badly or else it would not be so "effective," so it claims. They don't admit it much, but ABA electrifies standing up out of a chair without asking for permission from a so-called "teacher." Others liken them to prison guards. In the FDA Neurological Devices Panel Transcript (pp. 144-45) ABA's spokesman Dr. Blenkush admitted to skin shocking out-of-seat behaviour. The United Nations says ABA's skin shock is "torture" (Méndez, 2013, p. 85).







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sent is not responsible for links on the site. For example, I use keywords "Operant Conditioning" in the YouTube search field for the videos displayed below the archives on the left. Google selects the videos and the results change from time to time. Please email me if anything is not educational and germane to the subject and I will reevaluate the search.

I am an advocate for people with disabilities certified to teach special education with a Master of Arts in Teaching. I am not a Licensed Psychologist or a Board Certified Behavior Analyst. When in doubt, seek the advice of an MD, a PhD, or a BCBA. My ability to analyze the ethics of ABA stems from the fact that I am disabled and ABA interventions are often done to people like me, which I voluntarily accept, but only when I alone am the person granting consent, and not a parent, sibling, guardian, or institution.